脳腫瘍【総論】



脳腫瘍【各論】

Tumors of neuroepithelial tissue

■星細胞系腫瘍

星細胞系腫瘍(astrocytic tumors)総論

浸潤型
膠芽腫(glioblastoma)

退形成性星細胞腫(anaplastic astrocytoma)
びまん性星細胞腫(diffuse astrocytoma)
大脳膠腫症(gliomatosis cerebri)

限局型(特殊型)
毛様細胞性星細胞腫(pilocytic astrocytoma)
多形黄色星細胞腫(PXA:pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma)

上衣下巨細胞性星細胞腫(subependymal giant cell astrocytoma)

■乏突起膠細胞系腫瘍

乏突起膠腫(oligodendroglioma)
退形成性乏突起膠腫(anaplastic oligodendroglioma)

■上衣系腫瘍 (ependymal tumors)

上衣腫(ependymoma)
上衣下腫(subependymoma)
粘液乳頭状上衣腫(myxopapillary ependymoma)
退形成性上衣腫(anaplastic ependymoma)

■脈絡叢腫瘍 (choroid plexus tumors)

脈絡叢乳頭腫(choroid plexus papilloma)
atypical choroid plexus papilloma
choroid plexus carcinoma

■神経細胞系および混合神経細胞膠細胞腫瘍 (neuronal and mixed neuronal-glial tumors)

小脳の異形成性神経節細胞腫(dysplasitic gangliocytoma of cerebellum(Lhermitte-Duclos))
線維形成乳児星細胞腫/神経節膠原腫(desmoplastic infantile astrocytoma/ganglioglioma(DIA/DIG))
胚芽異形成性神経上皮腫瘍(dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor(DNT))
神経節膠腫(ganglioglioma)
退形成性神経節膠腫(anaplastic ganglioglioma)
中枢性神経細胞腫(central neurocytoma)
脳室外神経細胞腫(extraventiricular neurocytoma)
乳頭状グリア神経細胞腫瘍(papillary glioneuronal tumor)
ロゼット形成性グリア神経細胞腫瘍(Rosette-forming glioneuronal tumor of the fourth ventricle paraganglioma)
傍神経節腫(paraganglioma)

■松果体実質腫瘍(pineal parenchymal tumors)

松果体細胞腫(pineocytoma)
pineal parenchymal tumor of intermediate differentiation
松果体芽腫(pineoblastoma)
papillary tumor of th pineal region

■胎児性腫瘍 (embryonal tumors)

髄芽腫(medulloblastoma)
原始神経外胚葉性腫瘍(CNS primitive neuroectodermal tumor(PNET))
非定型奇形腫様・ラブドイド腫瘍(atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor(AT/RT))

■混合膠腫(mixed gliomas)

乏突起星細胞腫(oligoastrocytoma)
退形成性乏突起星細胞腫(anaplastic oligoastrocytoma)

Tumors of cranial and paraspinal nerves

shwannoma
neurofibroma
perineurioma
malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor(MPNST)

Tumors of the meninges

■Tumors of meningothelial cells

髄膜腫 meningioma

■Mesenchymal tumors

lipoma
angiolipoma
hibernoma
liposarcoma
solitary fibrous tumor
fibrosarcoma
malignant fibrous histiocytoma
leiomyama
leiomyosarcoma
rhabdomyoma
rhabdomyosarcoma
chondroma
chondrosarcoma
hemangioma
epithelioid hemangioendothelioma
hemangiopericytoma
anaplastic hemangiopericytoma

angiosarcoma
kaposi sarcoma
Ewing sarcoma-PNET[/deco_bg]

■Primary melanocytic lesions

diffuse melanocytosis
melanocytoma
malignant melanoma
meningeal melanomatosis

■other neoplasms related the meninges

hemangioblastoma

Lymphomas and hematopoietic neoplasms

悪性リンパ腫(malignant lymphomas)
憩室細胞腫(plasmacytoma)
granulocystic sarcoma

Germ cell tumors

Germ cell tumors総論

胚細胞腫瘍(germinoma)

embryonal carcinoma
yolk sac tumor
choriocarcinoma
teratoma
mixed germ cell tumor

Tumors of the sellar region

craniopharyngioma
granular cell tumor
pituicytoma
spindle cell oncotytoma of the adenohypophysis

Metastatic tumors

metastatic tumors

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